NT-pro-BNP and troponin I as predictors of morality in dogs with hearth failure
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The purpose of this study was to develop prognostic models for heart failure in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The prospective study included 26 dogs with DCM and 58 healthy dogs. The ervation time median was 250 days (1-600 days). All the dogs were clinically examined, had echocardiography, electrocardiography, and morphological and biochemical blood sampling. Twenty four deaths were found in the group of dogs with DCM and 1 demise in the healthy dog's group. There was a significant increase in the level of NT-pro-BNP and cTnI (p<0.0005) in the group of dogs with DCM and a significant higher level of NT-pro-BNP and cTnI (p<0.0005) in the dead dogs from group with DCM that died or were euthanized up to the 60'th day of observation, compared to the animals that outlasted over 60 days of observation. The median level of NT-pro-BNP in the dogs which had short survival period (no more than 60 days) was 4865 pmol/L and the median level of cTnI in the same group of dogs was 0.63 ng/ml. The median level of NT-pro-BNP in the group of dogs with DCM, which lived longer than 60 days of observation was 978 pmol/l and the median level of cTnI in this group was 0.1 ng/ml. The level of NT-pro-BNP (r=0.79) and cTnI (r=0.4) correlated with the dogs' death. NT-pro-BNP and cTnI measurements could be useful to evaluate the survival the dogs with DCM. Increased level of NT-pro-BNP and cTnI is a bad prognosis. In the performed analysis of the Cox hazard regression it was found that cTnI level has a significant impact of the survival of the dogs (HR=8.54; Cl 1.1-46.6; p=0.02).
- Department of Internal Disease with Horses, Dogs and cats Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl.Grunwaldzki 47, 50-366 Wroclaw, Poland
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