PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2002 | 04 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Feeding ecology of Pteropus rufus (Pteropodidae) in the littoral forest of sainte Luce, SE Madagaskar

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper examines bat-plant interactions by focusing on the fruit diet and food selection of flying foxes (Pteropus rufus) in the littoral forest fragments of Sainte Luce, SE Madagascar. Analyses of faecal samples and opportunistic observations revealed 40 endemic plant species in the diet. The bats mainly eat odorous ripe and juicy berries. No particular fruit colour was predominant in their diet. Both multi- and single-seeded fruits are eaten. Small seeds (1-3.5 mm in length) are usually swallowed whole. Passage through the digestive tract of the flying foxes does not reduce the germination rate of seeds nor the percentage of seeds germinated. This study indicates that the role of flying foxes in both short and long distance seed dispersal for a large number of endemic tree species of the littoral forest should not be underestimated when designing reforestation programs in particular or conservation action plans in general.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
04
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.33-47,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Antwerp, Department of Biology, Universiteitsplein 1, B2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
Bibliografia
  • Banack, S. A. 1998. Diet selection and resource use by flying foxes (genus Pteropus). Ecology, 79: 1949-1967.
  • Cheke, A. S., and J. F. Dahl. 1981. The status of bats on western Indian Ocean islands, with special reference to Pteropus. Mammalia, 45: 205-238.
  • Corlett, R. T. 1998. Frugivory and seed dispersal by vertebrates in the Oriental (Indomalayan) Region. Biological Reviews, 73: 413-448.
  • Fleming, T. H. 1979. Do tropical frugivores compete for food? American Zoologist, 19: 1157-1172.
  • Fleming, T. H. 1987. Fruit bats: prime movers of tropical seeds. Bats, 5(3): 3-8.
  • Fleming, T. H., R. Breitwitsch, and G. H. Whitesides. 1987. Patterns of tropical vertebrate frugivore diversity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 18: 91-109.
  • Fleming, T. H., E. R. Heithaus, and W. B. Sawyer. 1977. An experimental analysis of the food location behavior of frugivorous bats. Ecology, 58: 619-627.
  • Fujita, M. S., and M. D. Tuttle. 1991. Flying foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae): threatened animals of key ecological and economic importance. Conservation Biology, 5: 455—463.
  • Heithaus, E. R., T. H. Fleming, and P. A. Opler. 1975. Foraging patterns and resource utilitzation in seven species of bats in a seasonal tropical forest. Ecology, 56: 841-854.
  • Howe, H. F., and J. Smallwood. 1982. Ecology of seed dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 13: 201-228.
  • Hutcheon, J. M. 1994. The great red island: a future for its bats? Bats, 12(2): 10-13.
  • Iudica, C. A., and F. J. Bonaccorso. 1997. Feeding of the bat, Sturnira lilium, on fruits of Solarium riparium influences dispersal of this pioneer tree in forests of northwestern Argentina. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 32: 4-6.
  • Izhaki, I., C. Korine, and C. Arad. 1995. The effect of bat (Rousettus aegypticus) dispersal on seed germination in eastern Mediterranean habitats. Oecologia, 101: 335-342.
  • Kalko, E. K., E. A. Herre, and C. O. Handley, Jr. 1996. Relation of fig fruit characteristics to fruit-eating bats in the New and Old World tropics. Journal of Biogeography 23: 565-576.
  • Koechlin, J., J-L. Guillaumet, and P. Morat. 1974. La forêt dense humide sempervirente de basse altitude et la forêt littorale. Pp. 105-165, in Flore et végétation de Madagascar (J. Koechlin, J.-L. Guillaumet, and P. Morat, eds.). J. Cramer, Vaduz, 687 pp.
  • Korine, C., I. Izhaki, and Z. Arad. 1998. Comparison of fruit syndromes between the Egyptian fruit-bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus) and birds in East Mediterranean habitats. Acta Oecologica, 19: 147-153.
  • Korine, C., E. K. V. Kalko, and E. A. Herre. 1999. Fruit characteristics and factor affecting fruit removal in a Panamanian community of strangler figs. Oecologia, 123: 560-568.
  • Lambert, J. E., and P. A. Garber. 1998. Evolutionary and ecological implications of primate seed dispersal. American Journal of Primatology, 45: 9-28.
  • Lewis Environmental Consultants. 1992a. Madagascar Minerals Project. Preliminary environment impact assessment study. Part I: Natural environment. Appendix III: Flora. Report to QMM. Madagascar Minerals Project, Montreal and Antananarivo, 157 pp.
  • Lewis Environmental Consultants. 1992b. Madagascar Minerals Project. Preliminary environment impact Aassessment study. Part I: Natural environment. Appendix IV: Fauna. Report to QMM. Madagascar Minerals Project, Montreal and Antananarivo, 121 pp.
  • Marshall, A. G. 1983. Bats, flowers and fruit: evolutionary relationship in the Old World. Biological Journal of Linnean Society, 20: 115-135.
  • Mills, L. S., M. E. Soulé, and D. F. Doak. 1993. The keystone-species concept in ecology and conservation. Bioscience, 43: 219-224.
  • MIR Télédétection Inc. 1998. Etude sur la déforestation dans la région de Fort-Dauphin, Madagascar. Rapport Final Soumis à QMM (Qit Madagascar Minerals). Madagascar Minerals Project, Antananarivo, 46 pp.
  • Morrison, D. W. 1978. Foraging ecology and energetics of the frugivorous bat Artibeus jamaicensis. Ecology, 59: 716-723.
  • Morrison, D. W. 1980. Efficiency of food utilization by fruit bats. Oecologia, 45: 270-273.
  • Palmeirim, J. M., D. L. Gorchov, and S. Stoleson. 1989. Trophic structure of a neotropical frugivore community: is there competition between birds and bats? Oecologia, 79: 403-411.
  • Parry-Jones, K., and M. L. Augee. 1991. Food selection by grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) occupying a summer colony site near Gosford, New South Wales. Wildlife Research, 18: 111-124.
  • Racey, P. A., and M. E. Nicoll. 1984. Mammals. Pp. 607-627, in Biogeography and ecology of the Seychelles Islands (D. R. Stoddart, ed.). Junk Press, Leiden, 672 pp.
  • Ramanamanjato, J.-B. 2000. Fragmentation effects on reptile and amphibian biodiversity in the littoral forest of southeastern Madagascar. In Isolated vertebrate communities in the tropics (G. Rheinwald, ed.). Zoological Monographs (Bonn), 46: 297-308.
  • Shilton, L. A., J. D. Altringham, S. G. Compton, and R. J. Whittaker. 1999. Old World fruit bats can be long-distance seed dispersers through extended retention of viable seed in the gut. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, B266: 219-223.
  • Stashko, E., and E. Dinerstein. 1988. Methods of estimating fruit availability to frugivorous bats. Pp. 221-231, in Ecological and behavioral methods in the study of bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 533 pp.
  • Thomas, D. W. 1988. Analysis of diets of plant-visiting bats. Pp. 211-220, in Ecological and behavioral methods in the study of bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 533 pp.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-00952daf-f75e-493c-bb14-00b1b3f6cbf9
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.