Faktory podmiňující vzdělanostní aspirace a vzdělanostní segregaci dívek a chlapců v českém vzdělávacím systému
FACTORS BEHIND THE EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATIONS AND EDUCATIONAL SEGREGATION OF GIRLS AND BOYS IN THE CZECH EDUCATION SYSTEM
The objective of this article is to contribute to the analysis of the factors that influence the educational aspirations of boys and girls in the Czech Republic and vertical inequality in the Czech education system. Drawing on Mateju and Strakova's monograph 'Unequal Chances in Education', the authors enhances the discussion with a look at the gender aspect of choices of educational trajectory. The authors review existing theories to present the main arguments from research on educational aspirations by gender. They point out the ambiguity of studies to date on the effect of gender in the education system, as they have often arrived at contradictory findings. The authors look at the theories in which the differences in educational aspirations are related to gender and the theoretical and empirical arguments that reject gender as a category for distinguishing educational aspirations. The authors summarise the research to date on gender segregation in the education system, and then offer their own conclusions, based on a secondary analysis of data from the PISA-L in 2003. Their results reveal, in conformity with the analysis by Mateju and Strakova, that while according to these analyses gender does not have an effect on differences in the educational aspirations of boys and girls, it does have an effect on some aspects of the resulting segregation of the education system and thus on a student's choice of secondary school.
CEJSH db identifier