POLISH COMMUNITY IN PHILADELPHIA AT THE BEGINNING OF 20TH CENTURY
The article presents a community of Polish immigrants who came to the United States of America at the beginning of the 20th century. They settled on the East Coast of the USA mainly in New York City and Philadelphia. Philadelphia was a transfer city for many of them who were passing through it on their way to other states (Illinois, Michigan). Many Polish immigrants stayed in Philadelphia for few years and worked for the local companies. After a short period of time migrants who saved money usually returned to Poland. The article introduces Polish immigrants' living and housing conditions, as well economics of their employment. Religion played an important role in their everyday life. Catholic organizations were noted for their charity work with Polish families. At the end of the article there are some examples of relations between different ethnic groups in Philadelphia: Poles, Jews, Italians, Germans, Irish and Russians. Poles mostly cooperated with these ethnic groups, mainly with Irish and Italians with whom they had more in common - for example religion or professional position.
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