Borderland elements of the language of 'Kucharka Litewska' by Wncenta Zawadzka
This paper focuses on two issues: 1. characteristic features of the Northern Borderland variety of the Polish language substantiated in 'Kucharka litewska' by Wincenta Zawadzka, the cookbook which was published in Vilnius either in 1854 or 1858 as one of few texts of this kind, 2. where the individual language of the authoress was shaped and to what degree she acquired the norms of the general Polish language. Selected phonetic (marks of reduction of the unstressed 'e' in final position in the form of akan'e and higher articulation), morphological (morphological marks of 'akan'e', numerous functionally reflexive verbs used as passive voice), as well as lexical and semantic phenomena (e.g. bojka, makotra, skorynka, starkowac, trybulka, tuszyc, ulep, plewy, plewka, 'blony w miesie, zyly w miesie, stezala warstewka np. na rosole', w calku 'w calosci', etc.) were analysed and described in this article. The authoress indicates that the language was undoubtedly shaped, placing itself within the Lithuanian colloquial Polish of (average-)educated groups. Moreover, she suggests that the language of the book should be further examined in various planes.
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