THE MUSIC-MAKING OF THE ROMA IN HUNGARY: PAST AND PRESENT (Muzyka Romow na Wegrzech: przeszłosc i terazniejszosc)
(Title in Roma language: E Rromenqeri muzika and-o Ungritko Them: Nakhlitko aj akanitko). The paper is an overview of the music making of the Roma in Hungary from the second half of the 18th century to 2005. The author divides the historical genres performed by Roma into the so-called Gypsy music played by Gypsy bands for outsiders and the Romani folk music for internal using of the Romani communities. The performers of the Gypsy music came mostly from Romungro families and their music served as the national music for the Hungarians in the 18th and 19th centuries to be turned into a part of the popular music in the 20th century. The music of the Romani communities, the folk music, is mostly not instrumental and in the case of the dance songs the performers produce vocal substitutes of the orchestral sound. A new chapter of the Romani music making has started from the 1980s with the first success of the Romani emancipation movement. The Romani rap music from 1997 and the Romani pop music from 2000 have formed on the urban scene. In the villages, the Romani ballroom music has been fashionable since the middle of the 1990s. The author emphasizes the growing internationalization of the most recent music played by the Hungarian Roma.
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