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2006 | 14 | 3(55) | 79-96
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QUESTION OF MEANING IN THE PLATO'S PHILOSOPHY

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PL
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EN
The paper presents Plato's views about meaning. The first paragraph presents a notion of meaning as an imitation of reality by names in Plato's philosophy. According to Athenian, there are original names and posterior names. The first of them are a phonetic imitations of things, the second are built with the original names. Plato said that names have to be similar to things. If name is in a phonetic accordance with some features of thing, the name is true. The notion of meaning as representation in a mind is a subject of the next chapter. Plato affirms that human mind is as a woxen table in which things are reflected. There are two kinds of representations: individual and abstract. Individual representation is an imagination of empirical thing and the abstract representation is a picture of idea - a feature. The third part of this paper describes the notion of meaning as a denotation. Denotations of general names are ideas. Plato treats names in an extensional manner. If two names about different forms refer to the same thing, they are the same name. In Plato's philosophy problems of truth and falsity is tied with question of meaning. According to Plato, truth and falsity mean two objects - being and not being. The fourth paragraph is devoted to an association concept of meaning. It is connected with a theory of anamnesis. This theory says that humans remember ideas, which they observed in the time between death and birth. Athenian believes that meanings of general words are ideas associated with words. In the last part the meaning is interpreted as connotation. In 'The Seventh Letter', Plato writes that the meaning of name is the feature of object, which is referred by this name. Plato did not express any uniform theory of meaning. Apart of dialog 'Cratylus', Athenian wrote on the meaning.in a casual way
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Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
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79-96
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ARTICLE
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autor
  • D. Pietka, Uniwerrsytet Kardynala Stefana Wyszynskiego w Warszawie, Instytut Filozofii, ul. Dewajtis 5, 01-815 Warszawa, Poland
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA01853950
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.9f2c24e5-7c97-3c44-8bdb-7c6ac6b857fc
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