THE BIBLE AS THE FIRST SOURCE OF COGNITION IN THEOLOGY (Die Bibel als erste Erkenntnisquelle der Theologie)
The article raises the following question: is the Bible the most important source of theological cognition, or just a First Theology? It seems that the Bible contains implicite a 'First Theology' of the Church. However, according to B. S. Childs, a canon, an ultimate text is not identified with the final meaning of the text. So, it is an Orthodox Theology that reflects on God's words to get TO know their final meaning. As a 'Second Theology' it depends on the Bible as a text written and interpreted in the Church. Therefore, the principal task of theology is to obtain this theological stratum in the Bible and to form a method which is used (G. Steins) for this purpose. The Bible is not sufficient, but it has to be interpreted in accordance with the Church Tradition as one of the most important locus theologicus. The philosophical approach is a significant locus adscripticius, but still it cannot be useful about a theological apologetics and it cannot inspire the faith of the Church.
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