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2004 | 42 | 1 | 111-124
Tytuł artykułu

EFFICIENCY OF ATTENTION AND INTELLIGENCE: A PARAMETRIC MODEL IN THE ACT-R ARCHITECTURE

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
In the research, a hypothesis that intelligent subjects are characterized by a more efficient attentional mechanism was proved. A new experimental task was exploited, which measures the ability to control two concurrent mental activities, but imposes minimal motor demands. Significant number of errors during the dual-task condition, and fast automatization were observed, which confirm theoretical aptness of the task as a measure of attention efficiency. An attempt was also made at avoiding limits of correlational methods based on tasks designed within attentional resources paradigm. Causal relationships were examined with a model of attentional mechanism based on ACT-R computational theory of mind. The model implements both parallel processes of selective attention and serial control on reaction selection, and explains 87% of the error variance observed in the experiment. Additional manipulation of a model's parameter, which reflects available attentional resource, enabled to explain 74% of error variance for 4 groups of subjects with different intelligence levels. The results of simulation suggest two-level causal relationship between intelligence and attention: intelligence as a trait influences attentional and memory processes, which then influence the efficiency of reasoning processes determining the level of psychometric intelligence.
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
42
Numer
1
Strony
111-124
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
autor
autor
  • A. Chuderski, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut Psychologii, ul. Golebia 13, 31-007 Kraków, Poland
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
05PLAAAA0028656
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.8cf5985f-0853-318d-96d1-cec9b984f841
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