JEWS AND ARCHITECTURE (FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF POLISH NATIONALISM OF THE 1930S) (Zydzi i architektura (z perspektywy polskiego nacjonalizmu lat trzydziestych XX wieku))
In the years 1937-39, anti-Semitism thrived among Polish architects. Young architects graduating from Warsaw Technical University, sympathizing with the extreme nationalist right-wing, were pressing for the adoption of the so-called Aryan article in the Association of Architects of the Republic of Poland (SARP). The General Meeting of SARP Delegates held in Warsaw in June 1938 accepted the motion. Architects of Jewish nationality were to be expelled from the Association and persons with Jewish roots were to be screened by a vetting commission. The resolution came into force a year later and the ousting of Jews from individual SARP branches started in July 1939. In attacking the Jews, the nationalists were arguing about the allegedly destructive influence of the latter on Polish architecture. They accused the Jewish architects of promoting modern style, devoid of elements rooted in national tradition. True to tradition, the Jews were also accused of greed and a materialist attitude.
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