Božena Němcová a sestry Rottovy
Bozena Nemcova and the Rott Sisters
The study is concerned with the relationship of three women-writers of the 19th century (Bozena Nemcová and the Rott sisters), involving both the point of view of their personal life and their artistic activity. The material basis provides especially two volumes of 'Correspondence of Bozena Nemcová', which have been recently published, supplemented by other, so far unknown sources. Mutual contacts of three women began in 1850 when Nemcová started to visit the Muzák family quite regularly. The study gives an account of close relationship of Nemcová and Sofie Rottová and shows how the work of G. Sandová is reflected in a preserved correspondence. Yet, there are small marks of controversy of friends, in the spring of 1853, and at the same year, the mutual contacts stopped. The reasons of break have been so far interpreted in the light of late memorial prose of K. Svetlá 'Z literárniho soukromi' depicting Nemcová with critical distance. The study discusses the mutual division at the basis of new sources, namely the mutual correspondence of the Rott sisters and so far unpublished diary entries of Sofie Rottová. Regarding the split between the friends, it may be seen the role of Nemcová's relationship to Doctor V. D. Lambl (who was originally the suitor to Podlipská), however, at the same time, the controversy is rendered within the wider context as an evidence of fundamental transformations of set of values, which appeared in the 1850s and which was defined by J. W. Burrow as the transition from 'romanticism' to 'post romanticism'. As far as the personal life and social activity of Nemcová are concerned, we might observe how her attitude was connected with older romantic ideas, in which she was intellectually maturing ('Ceskomoravské bratrstvo', reading) and of which she could not get herself untied, while younger Rott sisters, especially Johana Muzáková-Karolina Svetlá, from the mid 50s strove for new (post romantic) streams. At the end of 50s Johana Muzáková had another reason to distance herself from Nemcová. As a beginning authoress (in 1858 she published her début in an almanac Máj) she was more than eager to set up as an independent original personality, dissimilating to Bozena Nemcová. The last part of study analyses the hidden polemics of literary beginnings of K. Svetlá against prosaic works by Nemcová. The work by K. Svetlá is presented as an example of newly establishing ethical and aesthetical norms.
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