SENSE OF LOSS DUE TO MIGRATION - A STUDY OF YOUNG HUNGARIANS
There is a consensus in the literature of crisis that bereavement is one of the most forceful factors that provokes crisis. This is especially important if we extend psychoanalytical object loss theory beyond the loss of a significant person. Fried (1963) has shown in his psychodynamic theory that leaving an important place causes a break in self-continuity. This paper presents two studies in which the authors have examined changes in attachment to the place of birth and phases of coping with loss due to migration. The data were collected in Szeged with two groups of respondents. The first group consisted of in-border native Hungarian migrants who have changed their place of residence within Hungary to pursue studies in higher education, while the second group consisted of cross-border migrants, also university students, who have changed countries as well. A qualitative method has been developed based on a projective questionnaire and a qualitative content analysis. In consistence with Fried's theory the authors have found that respondents expressed feelings of loss due to migration in their narratives. The experience of loss was much stronger among cross-border migrants than among in-border migrants. This difference suggests the importance of the practical and symbolic meaning of the border.
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