THE HOMELESSNESS OF ODYSSEUS (Bezdomnosc Odyseusza)
Ithaca is the arche and telos of Odysseus' journey - the home, conceptualised as a permanent and reliable pole of human existence, contrasted with magical, fictional lands that cannot be localised on a map. The author, however, presents the non-obvious nature of this classical opposition (domi /foris) and reveals the deconstructive potential of Homer's Odyssey. He does so by focusing on two particular elements of the narration: the first is the cyclical nature of Odysseus' returns and resulting non-conclusiveness. The second circumstance is the 'great sign', mega sema (23,188), confirming the identity of the returning Odysseus - 'enrooting' this identity in the original construction of the home. The author demonstrates that this sign is connected directly with events transpiring in the cave of Polypheme, which becomes the reason why the centre of the home sphere and the very identity of Odysseus are branded with an inner 'lack' and receive the status of literary fiction.
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