PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 23 | 115-134
Tytuł artykułu

EXISTENTIALISM AS THE PHILOSOPHY OF A SUBJECT (Egzystencjalizm jako filozofia podmiotu)

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
Existentialism is an anti-system philosophy, since it concentrates on the subjectively experienced, individual existence of a subject. Existentialists focus on such aspects of a human existence as freedom, loneliness, finiteness and a desire for authenticity. In the 20th century existentialism it is possible to distinguish two trends: theistic and atheistic. For existentialists of both trends, a man is a dynamic and creative subject, subjectively experiencing the existence in the world. This existence is completely different from the existence of things and animals. For the representatives of the theistic trend, he is a dualist individual who stands out mainly due to his spirituality, ability to transcend towards the infinity, towards God. To the representatives of the atheist faction, on the other hand, he appears to be an immanent, finite in time and closed in the physical mortal life subject. The existentialists of both trends emphasise - though understanding it in various ways - the need for an authentic life and the axiological dimension of the human existence in the world, however, differently comprehending the origins and the way ethical values exist. Theistic and atheistic existentialism is an objection against the cultural mechanisms which degrade and depersonalize a man, it is a defence of human freedom and subjectivity against the unification and reification which threaten the man in the consumer civilization.
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
23
Strony
115-134
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
  • dr Dorota Bajer, Uniwersytet Slaski, Instytut filozofii, ul. Bankowa 11, 40-007 Katowice
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
11PLAAAA10928
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.716c722d-e34d-3229-83d0-77dfcd03fd9d
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.