THREE PATHS IN THE ANALYTIC STUDY OF LITERATURE (Tri cesty analytickej literarnej vedy)
Opinion is divided regarding the scope and unity of the analytic study of literature. Many authors see it as a homogeneous paradigm of enquiry, others dispute that it even exists as a unified whole. In addition, there is disagreement about the criteria that should be used for determining whether a given text or author ascribes to the analytic study of literature. On the one hand, there are attempts to define the analytic study of literature historically, by linking it closely with analytic philosophy. On the other hand, it is suggested that the analytic study of literature be defined in terms of its commitment to methodological principles such as terminological precision and clarity of argument. This article approaches the problem in three steps. First, current definitions of the analytic study of literature are considered and, in part, revised. Second, the three most important representatives of the analytic study of literature in the German-speaking countries (Werner Strube, Gottfried Gabriel, and Harald Fricke), their areas of interest, and their methodological procedures are introduced. Finally, attempted historical and methodological definitions are set alongside one another, and a twofold strategy is put forward for determining whether a text or author represents the analytic study of literature. .
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