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2009 | 40 | 1 | 20-28
Tytuł artykułu

Humor styles and psychosocial working conditions in relation to occupational burnout among doctors

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Medical professionals are an occupational group at a particularly high risk for job burnout. The aim of the study was to determine relationships between humor styles and psychosocial working conditions on the one hand and occupational burnout in the medical profession on the other. Participants in the study were 82 professionally active doctors, interviewed and examined using questionnaire methods: the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Humor Styles Questionnaire, and the Psychosocial Working Conditions instrument. The results show that occupational burnout is a serious problem among medical doctors, even those with a short work history. Difficult psychosocial working conditions enhance the occupational burnout symptoms. Moreover, higher severity of burnout symptoms correlates with lower support from superiors and with less frequent utilization of adaptive humor styles: self-enhancing and affiliative. Therefore, it is worthwhile to develop programs of burnout prevention for medical professionals, with an emphasis on social skills training, and to enlarge such resources as support at workplace and humor utilization skills.
Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
1
Strony
20-28
Opis fizyczny
source-id: PPB_40_1\X2Q4X0032L077865.xml
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
autor
  • Ewa Wojtyna, Uniwersytet Slaski w Katowicach, Instytut Psychologii, ul. M. Grazynskiego 53, 40-126 Katowice, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Dorz, S., Novara, C., Sica, C. & Sanavio, E. (2003). Predicting burnout among HIV/AIDS and oncology health care workers.Psychology and Health, 18(5), 677-684.
  • Hobfoll, S. E. (2006).Stres, kultura i społeczność (Stress, culture and society).Gdańsk: GWP.
  • Kazarian, S. S. & Martin, R. A. (2004). Humor styles, personality and well-being among Lebanese university students.European Journal of Personality, 18, 209-219.
  • Kuiper, N. A., Grimshaw, M., Leite, C. & Kirsh, G. (2004). Humor is not always the best medicine: Specific components of sense of humor and psychological well-being.Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 17(1/2), 135-168.
  • Lehman, K. M., Burke, K. L., Martin, R., Sultan, J. & Czech, D. R. (2001). A reformulation of the moderating effects of productive humor.Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 14, 131-161.
  • Lindblom, K. M., Linton, S. J., Fedeli, C. & Bryngelsson, I. (2006). Burnout in the working population: Relations to psychosocial work factors.International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 13(1), 51-59.
  • Martin, R. A. (2000). Humor. In: A. E. Kazdin (Ed.),Encyclopedia of Psychology, vol. 4. (pp. 202-204). Washington: American Psychological Association.
  • Martin, R. A. (2001). Humor, laughter, and physical health: Methodological issues and research findings.Psychological Bulletin, 127(4), 504-519.
  • Martin, R. A. (2004). Sense of humor and physical health: Theoretical issues, recent findings and future directions.Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 17, 1-2, 1-19.
  • Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J. & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the Humor Styles Questionnaire.Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 48-75.
  • Maslach, C. (2004). Wypalenie — w perspektywie wielowymiarowej (Burnout — in a multidimensional perspective). In: H. Sęk (Ed.),Wypalenie zawodowe. Przyczyny, mechanizmy, zapobieganie (Occupational burnout. Causes, mechanisms, prevention).(pp. 13-31). Warsaw: PWN.
  • Maslach, C., Jackson, E. E. & Leiter, M. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory. Manual (3rded.). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist Press.
  • Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B. & Leiter, M. (2001). Job burnout.Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.
  • Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2006). Occupational stress and its consequences in healthcare professionals: The role of type D personality.International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 19(6), 113-122.
  • Ogińska-Bulik, N. & Kaflik-Pieróg, M. (2006).Stres zawodowy w służbach ratowniczych (Job stress in emergency services).Łódź: Wydawnictwo Wyższej Szkoły Humanistyczno-Ekonomicznej w Łodzi (the Lodz Humanist-Economic College Press).
  • Pasikowski, T. (2004). Polska adaptacja kwestionariusza Maslach Burnout Inventory (Polish adaptation of the MBI). In: H. Sęk (Ed.),Wypalenie zawodowe. Przyczyny, mechanizmy, zapobieganie (Occupational burnout. Causes, mechanisms, prevention.)(pp. 135-148). Warsaw: PWN.
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  • Rutter, H., Herzberg, J. & Paice, E. (2002) Stress in doctors and dentists who teach.Medical Education, 36(6), 543-549.
  • Saroglou, V. & Scariot, C. (2002). Humor Styles Questionnaire: Personality and educational correlates in Belgian high school and college students.European Journal of Personality, 16, 43-54.
  • Talbot, L. A. & Lumden, D. B. (2000). On the association between humor and burnout.Humor: International Journal of Humor Research and Practice, 24(5), 359-374.
  • Thomas, N. K. (2004). Resident burnout.JAMA, 292(23), 2880-2889.
  • Tümkaya, S. (2006). Faculty burnout in relation to work environment and humor as a coping strategy.Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 6(3), 911-921.
  • Van Dierendonck, D., Schaufeli W. B. & Sixma H. J. (2004). Wypalenie zawodowe wśród lekarzy ogólnych z perspektywy teorii równości (Occupational burnout among general practitioners from the equity theory perspective). In: H. Sęk (Ed.),Wypalenie zawodowe. Przyczyny, mechanizmy, zapobieganie (Occupational burnout. Causes, mechanisms, prevention)(pp. 168-181). Warsaw: PWN
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
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10PLAAAA07544
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.6692f337-2bb8-3845-8e98-84569f728830
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