Szesnastowieczne ryciny satyryczne w służbie reformacji
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THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY SATIRICAL DRAWINGS IN THE SERVICE OF THE REFORMATION
First, the author points out to two outstanding sixteenth century artists, Lucas Cranach and Hans Holbein (the Younger) whose satirical engravings are seldom published today. The first mentioned, was the author of highly suggestive woodcuts referring to 'Passional Christi und Antichristi' (Wittenberg 1521). The Pope, who is the central figure in these engravings, gets tangled up in all kinds of abuse of the Vativan and the Church. What is important is the fact that these woodcuts by Cranach had long been the model for folk art painting, showing amorality among Catholic priests. Equally suggestive were the illustrations of Cranach for the Luther's translation of the New Testament. They were so suggestive that it led to their prohibition in Saxony. Antiroman were also satirical engravings by Hans Holbein (the Younger), especially the series of pictures 'Death'. In the second part of the article the author deals with the caricatures published in a loose printed materials which, because of a similar theme (antifeudal and antiroman) as well as universal access to them, were called 'New Newspapers'.
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