AFFECTIVE TRAITS AND QUALITY OF LIFE: GENDER DIFFERENCES
This article presents four studies aimed to search for gender differences in relationships between positive affective traits (virtues) and quality of life. The subjects were 360 individuals (129 men and 231 women). Self-report measures were used to assess the affective traits (gratitude, love, hope, spirituality and humility) and several dimensions of quality of life (life satisfaction, psychopathology, forgiveness, willingness to help and willingness to protect values). The results show that affective traits have different impact on quality of life in men and women. Love and hope are most beneficial among all traits considered for both men and women, but in men their significance is limited. Gratitude is good for willingness to help in men and women, but in men could be harmful for mental health. Spirituality is important only for women: is beneficial for forgiveness but harmful for mental health. Humility is important only for women and is bad for both mental health and willingness to help.
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