WHO IS THE MEGALOPSYCHOS?
The aim of this paper is to describe the mysterious and controvential virtue of megalopsychia which Aristotle discusses in book 4 of the Nicomachean Ethics. By examining its origin (which can be traced back to the ethos of the Homeric aristocracy) and the ethical context in which it could become significant, the author tries to present the underpinnings of this virtue as an alternative to the 'classical' view of virtue. Since the latter is based on the metaphysical assumptions which have lost their credibility in our days, he argues that it is the virtue of 'greatness of soul' - much closer to our views on both reality and human nature - that could help us restore the moral significance to the notion of virtue.
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