WISDOM'S ROLE IN INTERACTIONS OF AFFECTS AND COGNITION
Discussed is the role of affects and cognition along the road to wisdom. A suitable framework for their reciprocal action is provided by the concept of organicism whose central principle is integration. Attempts to isolate 'pure' cognitive processes are artificial. Cognitions and affects are reciprocally interdependent and are involved in personality activity. The model of wisdom in terms of organicism presumes that active and cognitive development helps man gradually to cope with numerous topical activities and life stressors in adulthood which, in turn, reinforce his cognitive and affective growth. Wisdom enables man to resolve life dilemmas and carry out life decisions, to provide counsel to others, manage and lead the society, achieve an insight into life and seek the meaning of life. A significant role in a study of wisdom is played by relativistic and dialectical thinking. Wisdom prospers in an atmosphere of normal human experiencing, in an acceptance of uncertainty, imperfection and restrictive limits. Wisdom requires adequate spirituality comprising positive phenomena such as love, friendship, tolerance, beauty and sympathy.
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