Timespace in Sa'd Allah Wannus' dramatic work Mugamarat ra's al-mamluk Dzhabir
This is a study of literary chronotop in a contemporary arabic drama.The author investigated and interpreted some aspects of chronotop (time and space) in this particular work of the Syrian dramatist and its similarity to the conception of time and space in the theories of post-modernist authorities. Sa'd Allah Wannus (d.1997), in his dramas often used the modern means of artistic expression, and this paper presents a new, structural approach to the study of one of them - manipulation of continuum. It apppears that both Wannus and the post-modernists shared a striking unity of thought and their views on time and space bore a great similarity. The same applies to another question, which is the 'open' character of the artefacts. The author regards space and time, and their visualisation, as most vital concept of the works of Sa'd Allah Wannus: he and postmodernists merge this 'four dimensions' into the infinite, inseparable integrity. They unite the present, past and future together with the space scopes. The empirical results of the treatment are presented in the form of the table - where there are: the data about the fluctuation of chronotops in this play. It is evident to observers, that the Syrian dramatist moves the action almost 100 times during the play from one local micro-chronotop to another and all the time limits of continuum are being crossed. The author attempts to explain these mechanisms as a model of standard post-modern relations in literary composition. In his opinion, this drama is an 'open' artistic form (U. Eco) and the structure of his continuum is in accordance with the ideas of J. Deridda, J. Baudrillard and J.-F. Lyotard. This detailed work highlights the problem of the demonstration of time and space conception in Wannus' drama, and how we could experience, through that literary creation, the sense of time and space parallel to that in the works of the postmodernists. Moreover - the function of 'al-fakawati' in this drama proved that the hero is a kind of a text and a kind of a book at the same time - which is a pure post-modern conception of F. Jamieson. In conclusion, the author assures that this dramatic work is multi-faceted, multi-leveled and multi-horizoned and Wannus' imagination was fundamentally chronotopic.
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