PSYCHOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABILITY
In order to hinder the deepening of the environmental crisis, the 57th General Assembly of the UN, in December 2002, declared the years between 2005 and 2015 the decade of education for sustainable development. This means that the international community earmarks a whole decade to achieving the goal that all levels and forms of education be permeated by the basic values of sustainability and environment protection. The first part of the paper presents psychological explanations of the emergence of the environmental crisis from evolutionary, social psychological and environmental psychological points of views, and describes the help psychology can offer in the management of the crisis. Psychologists have come forth with suggestions for the management of the environmental crisis, suggestions which, however, have rarely been realized due to reasons outside of psychology. The second half of the paper deals with the measurements of environmental attitude in Hungary, focusing on a study conducted with the participation of 750 teenage pupils. The concluding part of the paper reviews further research in the field of education for sustainable development in Hungary and outlines the future tasks for psychology in this field.
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