ADJUSTMENT NEEDS OF POLISH FARMS AND THEIR INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT CONNECTED WITH POLAND'S ACCESSION TO EU
The Polish agriculture has a significant production potential but it is not being fully utilised, which means that there still exist considerable production reserves. The Polish farms achieve lower production and economic results than the farms in the European Union due to the less favourable natural conditions and technological backwardness. It can be expected that following Poland's accession to EU the Polish agricultural sector will encounter strong competition from agriculture of the EU member states. Only large, economically strong and effectively and flexibly managed farms, run by enterprising, open-minded farmers possessing indispensable qualifications and general knowledge will be able to successfully cope with such competition. The Polish agriculture is facing a period of changes, in which the features of character and the ability of farmers to adjust to the changing requirements will be playing an ever more important role. A considerable part of farmers will transform their farms into supply allotments. The producers who will turn into entrepreneurs will have to introduce advanced technological solutions. The farms will become subject to many regulations that are yet little known to Polish farmers. They will be offered opportunities to obtain various means but this will require great effort on the part of farmers and advisory services in respect of winning access to the necessary information and raising professional skills. The Polish agriculture will obtain support in the form of direct subsidies. However, they will be lower than those obtained by farmers from the present EU member states.
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