PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2010 | 58 | 2 | 185-189
Tytuł artykułu

CRACOW TESTAMENTS FROM THE TURN TO THE MODERN ERA IN THE LIGHT OF THE MAGDEBURG LAW (Testamenty krakowskie z przelomu sredniowiecza i nowozytnosci wobec zasad dziedziczenia wedlug prawa magdeburskiego)

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The article is based on investigating 612 testaments registered before the year 1545 in Cracow court records (three books of testaments as well as alderman and councillor books) preserved in the State Archive in Cracow. The testaments were confronted with the rules of the Magdeburg Law, which was operative in Cracow, collected in the Magdeburg Weichbild (Ius municipale) and in the Sachsensspiegel, which covers civil and criminal law as well as procedural law, supplemented in the 15th-16th c. with the rulings of Magdeburg councillors and the resolutions of the city council of Cracow. The analysis indicates that the disposition of property in testaments followed the Magdeburg Law; moreover, it often was an additional confirmation of the regulations. This was probably the best way to implement the property strategies of Cracow families. The analysis revealed several recurrent elements decisive in the disposition of the bequeathed property. Those included: decisions concerning the testator's living spouse, which are listed as the most important ones, then decisions on legal heirs, legacies to the Church, monasteries and charitable institutions, and legacies to people whom the testator wanted to favour specially or to whom he/she had some obligations. Testaments also commonly included lists of the debts owed by and/or to the testator, which were so extensive that last wills often played the role of final financial statements. They also functioned as probate inventories, especially as concerned the movables that the testator was entitled to bequeath according to his/her wish (excluding geradae and armae bellicae, which were inherited by law as hereditates).
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
58
Numer
2
Strony
185-189
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
  • Doc. dr hab. Urszula Sowina, Zaklad Historii Kultury Materialnej, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, Al. Solidarnosci 105, 00-140 Warszawa, Poland
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
11PLAAAA098015
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.5b304763-45f5-3c03-b718-a180ff9d5ed9
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.