THE LAW OF PEOPLES AND GLOBAL JUSTICE: BEYOND THE LIBERAL NATIONALISM OF JOHN RAWLS
The paper deals with the relation of a theory of international justice, specifically John Rawls's philosophy of the law of peoples, and a theory of global justice. In the first part, the paper outlines Rawls's main theses on the international conception of the law of peoples. The second part concerns a problem found in segments of Rawls's theory, specifically his concept of a social contract - contractualism. This problem inadequately approaches the relationship between the individual and the community. The third part deals with the inconsistent points in Rawls's theory contained in part two, i.e. his principles of justice selected with the aid of social contract. In the fourth part, the paper concentrates on the consequences of these limitations for a socially distributive dimension of justice or as an approach for dealing with disproportionate global inequalities. The last part formulates the causes of the limitations of Rawls's theory of international justice and points out the need for a global justice which is socially and inter-culturally considerate.
- Marek Hrubec, Centre of Global Studies, A Joint Centre of the Institute of Philosophy, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and Faculty of Philosophy, Charles University, Jilská 1, 110 00 Prague 1, Czech Republic
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