HERMETIC OR OPEN - POLISH EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS (Miedzy hermetyzacja a otwarciem polonijnych organizacji oswiatowych)
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The article discusses the problem of the Polish Diaspora's system of education, in the areas where they settled after the 1989 political transformation in Poland. The Polish system of education and its functioning was distinguished in the countries of Western Europe, allowing the development of a Polish minority system of education, even an incentive towards its creation. Meanwhile, the system of education has experienced difficulties in its development, since students during Sunday schools do not receive sufficient knowledge, especially in comparison with school, where they learn every day. For many of them, knowledge on their home country is of relatively little use in their careers, especially since a large amount of information can be obtained via the Internet. Poland is not an attractive country to Western countries in terms of economy and civilization. The fact that the Polish language is difficult to learn and is spoken by a relatively small proportion of Europeans also discourages young Poles in exile to make special effort to acquaint themselves with Polish materials apart from those they receive at school, where they are obliged to attend. Polish schools are thus in danger of becoming hermetically sealed, and symptoms of this are already visible. The situation of Poles in Eastern Europe is quite different. Here, the prestige of the Polish state is completely different. Poland is a country with a higher standard of living in relation to the Polish Diaspora's country of residence, Polish culture and civilization appear to be of a higher standard. Polish minority primary and secondary schools offer the opportunity to take the Polish certificate of secondary education. Attending Polish secondary school opens the door to Polish universities, a very attractive prospect to the Polish minority. In order to get access to the Polish system of education Ukrainians, Belarusians and even Russians also attempt to be educated in Polish minority schools. Hence, the condition of Polish education is positively assessed, despite the fact that the countries where the schools exist do not encourage their development, on the contrary, they intentionally hinder it. Attention is also drawn to the experience of the Polish minority activist, Full Professor Daniel Kadlubiec in Zaolzie, who said in an interview that the transfer of the same rights to a national minority as to the majority was not entirely fair, since in order for a minority to function at the same level in a society, it must be given specific privileges for which there is no social acquiescence.
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