CHOSEN INTERPRETATIONS OF THE IDEA OF NATION ON THE EXAMPLE OF POLAND - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE (Wybrane interpretacje idei narodu na przykladzie Polski - perspektywa historyczna)
In Polish tradition the aspects of the national idea and the liberal-democratic order played a crucial role. First of all 'nation of the nobility' of the Republic of Poland had a multi-ethnic character, and a significant impact on its origins had cultural factors which also reinforced its internal stability. Secondly, it was undoubtedly the 'political' nation which glorified freedom and equality. In the longer term, there can be seen the essential transformation of the Polish state from a small and relatively homogenous medieval monarchy in multi-ethnic, multi-faith and multi-lingual Republic of nobility. Whereas, when interpreting and understanding the concept of nation in contemporary Poland a starting point, except already outlined Sarmatian tradition, should be the fact that in the nineteenth and twentieth century understanding of this category was under the particular influence of cultural patterns, which have become fundamental in the epoch of romanticism. This romantic understanding of the nation was closely correlated with the national tradition identified in this dimension with virtue, which main component was a determination to complete dedication for the beloved homeland. After 1989 there was a collapse of this romantic model of the national community self-understanding. On the basis of 'national spurt', in the absence of any other datum reference, as well as the attributes of civil society, there has been rise of national solidarity, and only then as a result of awareness transformation in political community spheres, there has been a transition from the romantic 'nation' to the liberal-democratic 'society'.
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