THROUGH EVERY-DAY LIFE HISTORY TO WOMEN'S HISTORY. ON CONTEMPORARY WOMEN'S HISTORIOGRAPHY
The essential aim of this article is to present the progress in research of the contemporary Polish feminist historiography and problems which it faces. It was the feminist movement and progress of emancipation which resulted in the increasing interest in women's history. In fact, there were a few works concerning history of women in the Polish historiography in the 19th century, but they focused on exceptional personalities: queens, saints, women from the noble families. Moreover, the impact of the romantic historiography coping with the national questions simplified the image of a woman, showing her as the heroic Polish Mother. Everyday life of ordinary women remained outside the terms of scientific debate. However, as the consequence of the historical construction of two separate spheres, public and private, women's activity had been restricted to the domestic and personal, everyday life. In connection with this, historians are short of written sources left by women. Lucja Charewiczowa in 1938 was the first to make demand for research on the history of ordinary women, their everyday activities. Contemporary feminist historians see everyday life as the main domain of their interest. They emphasize the importance of research on household, family life, consumption and the culture of everyday life. At the same time, they put stress on the necessity of including the history of women to the main 'universal' historiography. Meanwhile, universal historiography shows increasing interest in history of everyday life, cultural history and comprehensive social history, thus incorporating the research field of history of women, its methods and results.
- K. Stanczyk-Wislicz, Szkola Nauk Spolecznych przy IFiS PAN, ul. Nowy Swiat 72, 00-330 Warszawa, Poland
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