ON CHARACTERISTICS OF STYLE IN 'IDYLLS' BY JAN GAWINSKI
In the 19th century two conclusions were formulated about the characteristics of the style of the 'Idylls' by Gawinski: first, that they represent the style of Baroque (Biegeleisen, Pauli, Bruckner), second, that their heroes' way of speaking does not match the style of rural poetry (Rzazewski, Mostowski). An assumption that an idyll conveys special meanings under the cover of allegory (Ramus, Sturm, Camerarius, Riccius) authorized the conviction of apparent simplicity of the bucolic style. At the same time the mythological-pastoral costume characteristic of the genre gave the possibility of linear reading. The purpose of the present article is to indicate and describe the main characteristics of the style of the 'Idylls' by Jan Gawinski and to demonstrate that they are not without influence on the importance of these poems. The traits of the poems by Gawinski: various types of repetition, reduplications in apostrophe, refrains, are legitimate both within the 'low' folk lyrics and 'high' literary tradition. Whereas so frequent in Gawinski enjambments, multiple inversions, manifold subordinate clauses, sound instrumentation - all these closer to melic poetry rather than to folk one, place the idylls firmly within the limits of humanistic literary culture. In the context of these reflections it should be admitted that the model of 'pastoral speech' lies, above all, in the literary tradition, although certain linguistic constructions could be of 'the country' provenance. Gawinski, though in his idylls is ideologically closer to the Renaissance, differs from it in his style, he highly hyperbolises unclassical stylistic means frequently used by Szymonowic. In consequence, it lead to non-classical sophistication of thought.
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