PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2007 | 17 | 1 | 17-29
Tytuł artykułu

The gerund in the function of sentence condenser

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Since the gerund behaves as a finite verb form with respect to complementation and modification, it qualifies to form secondary predications. In this role, it is regarded as one of the means of complex sentence condensation. In a number of such cases, there is a theoretical possibility of replacing the gerund construction by a finite dependent clause. Detailed consideration of 175 potential clausal alternatives has shown that there recur certain problems that appear as blocking or obstructive factors having an impact not only on the actual process of replacement, but also on the resulting finite clause functioning as an alternative of the gerund. The limiting factors can be classified into several categories according to the linguistic feature which they involve, their frequency of occurrence and the extent to which they affect the actual replacement. On the other hand, they suggest certain qualities of the gerund which make it different from its potential alternatives and which can be fully exploited mainly in the construction of more complex sentences. Apart from the apparent reduction of the number of finite clauses, the gerund makes it possible to introduce into a sentence a range of various shades of meaning, semantic indications and nuances, and to make thus the language more flexible and capable of expressing complexity of thought.
Rocznik
Tom
17
Numer
1
Strony
17-29
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
  • J. Petrlikova, redakce casopisu Linguistica Pragensia, Ustav pro jazyk cesky AV CR, v.v.i., Letenska 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic
Bibliografia
  • Daneš, F. (1968): Some Thoughts on the Semantic Structure of the Sentence. Lingua 21, 55-69.
  • Dušková, L. et al. (1988): Mluvnice současné angličtiny na pozadí češtiny. Academia, Praha.
  • Dušková, L. (1999): An Attempt at a Classification of Irregular Sentences and Nonsentences. Studies in the English Language. Part 2. Karolinum, Praha, 165-175.
  • Firbas, J. (1961): On the Communitative Value of the Modern English Finite Verb. Brno Studies in English 3, Praha, 79-103.
  • Hladký, J. (1961): Remarks on complex condensation phenomena in some English and Czech contexts. Brno Studies in English 3, Brno, 105-118.
  • Mathesius, V. (1975): Obsahový rozbor současné angličtiny na základě obecné lingvistickém.
  • English translation: A Functional Analysis of Present-Day English on a General Linguistic Basis. ČSAV, Praha.
  • Mathesius, V. (1913): O nominálních tendencích v slovesné predikaci novoanglické. Sborník filologický IV.
  • Nosek, J. (1964): Notes on Syntactic Condensation in Modern English. Travaux linguistiques de Prague 1, 281-288.
  • Quirk, R. et al. (1985): A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Longman, New York.
  • Petrlíková, J. (2005): The Status of the Gerund in the System of Modern English Syntax with Respect to its Condensing Function (doctoral dissertation). FFUK, Praha.
  • Tárnyiková, J. (1985): Chapters from Modern English Syntax (a Communicative Approach). Univerzita Palackého, Olomouc.
  • Vachek, J. (1955): Some thoughts on the so-called complex condensation in Modern English. Sborník prací FFMU A 3, 63-77.
  • Vachek, J. (1961): Some Less Familiar Aspects of the Analytical Trend of English. Brno Studies in English 3, Brno, 9-78.
  • Vachek, J. (1974): Selected Chapters from English Syntax. SPN, Praha.
  • Bradbury, M. (1987): Rates of Exchange. Arrow Books Ltd., London.
  • Brookner, A. (1988): Hotel Du Lack. Triad Paperbacks Ltd., London.
  • Lodge, D. (1988): Nice Work. Penguin Books, London.[WoS]
  • Naipaul, V. S. (1987): The Enigma of Arrival. Penguin Books, London.
  • Weldon, F. (1989): The Life and Loves of a She Devil. Cox & Wyman Ltd.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
08CZAAAA04198163
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.50294a61-eda4-3a1f-a6f5-ec98fcb4cfb5
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.