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2008 | 50 | 2 | 217-226
Tytuł artykułu

TRAFFIC ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION FROM THE PSYCHOLOGICAL STANDPOINT

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
By road traffic accident prevention generally we understand a set of measures that either directly or indirectly influence road users so as to reduce their conflict behavior in road traffic, which mostly results in harm to health or damage to objects. This preventive activity takes many forms including: the creation of safe traffic environments through traffic engineering measures; education and training of individual road users, including training in driving schools and testing the applicants for licenses; good quality legislation regulating and monitoring the technical condition of vehicles and roads. Punitive enforcement, too, can be considered prevention. The basic general rule for work in the field of road traffic safety accident prevention is the '3 E' rule: Education, Enforcement, Engineering. Sometimes this is extended to '4 E' by including Evaluation. These 3 or 4 rules express the necessity for a complex approach to the problem. The analysis of the reliability of individual accident prevention systems should refer to the tripartite basis: the person, the means of transport, and the environment; and it is made possible by theoretical models based on the analysis and evaluation of errors. Within the framework of analyzing preventive measures, the research was focused on selecting workers, education of road users, training programs and working conditions.
Słowa kluczowe
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
50
Numer
2
Strony
217-226
Opis fizyczny
Rodzaj publikacji
ARTICLE
Twórcy
autor
  • J. Stikar, Katedra psychologie, Karlova univerzita, Nam. J. Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha1, Czech Republic
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
CEJSH db identifier
08SKAAAA04739034
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.4f336269-8758-382e-b400-cd25e635a49b
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