BRONZE HOARDS FROM THE HILL-FORT NEAR NEMECKA (Depoty bronzovych predmetov z Hradiska pri Nemeckej)
Four hoards containing bronze artefacts, which were found illegally by a metal detector at the Lusatian hill-fort near Nemecka in 1994-1996, are professionally presented in the study. The total number of 43 artefacts comes from four independent units marked from I to IV. The hoard I included a head-band with forged geometric ornament. The hoard II consisted of twenty bronze rod neck-rings decorated with bundles of lines that make a feather ornament. The hoard III contained 18 artefacts - bronze cup of the Stillfried-Hostomice type with a bronze phalera inside it, 13 axes with socket, a sickle and two bronze cups. In the hoard IV three axes with socket and a spear were found. Around them a stone ring with diameter of approximately 1 m was formed allegedly. The finds were situated in its lower western half. Both the finder's information and the author's reconnaissance of the site proved that the finds were found out of the hill-fort area, approximately 50 m to the SSW of its shorter southern part. The hoards were situated on a terrace and followed a contour line. The groups of bronze artefacts were around 25 m distant each from the other. Analyses of revealed artefacts have dated all hoards to the Late Bronze Age. As their function is concerned, the all four cases are supposed to be votive donations. In his study the author gives also brief information on the history of the site and research. The hill-fort at the 786,3 m a. s. l. is a southern promontory of the Low Tatras mountain range. The creek Raztocky potok flows around the hill-fort from the west and the river Hron from the south. The site was situated in the N-S direction and even now its fortified line can be observed, which is the most remarkable on the southern side of the fortified area, where its height still comes up to 90 cm. The fortification was used to protect a rectangular area with dimensions of approximately 133 x 33 m. It was a small-sized hill-fort that was built as a refuge. In 1995 an investigation was led here, aimed in specification of the site chronology at first. Excavations proved that the site was settled by bearers of the Lusatian culture in the Late Bronze Age; later then in the La Tene up to the Roman periods and in the Middle Ages (the 15th cent.) as well.
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