CULTURAL REALITY AND ITS FRAGMENTATION IN FLORIAN ZNANIECKI'S THOUGHT (Rzeczywistosc kulturowa i jej fragmentaryzacje w mysli Floriana Znanieckiego)
Florian Znaniecki's life and work accompanied major social changes caused by industrial society formation. The goal of the paper is analysis of Znaniecki's views on cultural processes, with regard to social fragmentation and decomposition. Problems of fragmentation are seen in Znaniecki's idea of human sciences, but not in his analyses of social order change, that he viewed as a new order appearing from chaotic disorder. Collapse of social order is effect of destructive powers, social evil. New order stems from input of outstanding personalities who initiate processes of social order creation that provoke reactions from other people; this process Znaniecki calls participation in culture. Constant elements of social life are customs. Industrial order promoted new work technique, that weakened workers' motivation and increased feeling of deprivation. Industrial society acted as a means of workers' discipline and kind of military regime. It was a forecast of world conflicts. Going in path with Znaniecki's analyses, the author discusses case of contemporary journalism and its fossilization.
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