CHANGES IN THE USE OF POTATOES IN POLAND AND SITUATION ON THE MARKET OF STARCH
Poland is the largest producer of potatoes in the European Union and the sixth largest producers of potatoes in the world. About 60% of potatoes gathered in Poland are used by farms. Production of potatoes destined for the market accounts for approximately 27% of the total domestic production of that vegetable and it is used in equal parts for the purposes of consumption and the needs of the potato processing industry. Consumption has been recently showing a downward trend, which is attributable to the diminishing consumption of non-processed potatoes since the consumption of processed potato products is on the rise. The changing needs of consumers create opportunities for a wider application of starch and its derivatives. The demand for products supplied by the potato sector is stimulated by a wide of range of possible applications in more than 50 branches of the processing industry and mainly in the food and confectionery industries, in the industry producing food concentrates, in the meat industry as well as in the industries producing fodders and pharmaceuticals, in the paper, chemical and textile industries. The mechanisms of the Common Agricultural Policy, which regulate the market of potato starch, have intensified competition in the sector. It should be also noted that in global terms that rivalry has a geographical dimension - the US market and the Asian markets, and that potato starch is losing competition to grain starch.
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