THE JEWS ON POLISH AND FOREIGN HIGHWAYS IN THE SEVENTEENTH-EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
The author accentuates the fact that the Jews were one of the most mobile social groups in the Commonwealth, and discusses the destinations and conditions of their voyages upon the basis of three diarists from the second half of the eighteenth century who in his opinion appear to be highly representative. They are: Salomon Majmon - a poor Jew from Nowogródek going to Berlin, where he planned to study medicine, Dow of Blechow - a wealthy wine merchant travelling on business, and Mojzesz Wasercug - a medium wealthy teacher and official of Jewish kahals in assorted Polish and Prussian towns. Upon the basis of their diaries J. Goldberg indicated the differentiated professional and financial status of the travellers and the associated variety of the purposes of their journeys. Financial differences denoted disparate conditions of travelling and accommodation: Dow usually travelled on horseback (other prosperous Jews used the stage coach), and spent nights in the wealthy homes of his trade partners, while less fortunate voyagers were frequently compelled to travel long distances on foot and sleep in hospices for poor Jews or attics and stables along the way. On the other hand, religious problems connected with the prohibition to travel on the Sabbath were shared by the whole group under discussion.
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