PARADIGM-BASED ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENON OF SCIENCE (Paradigmalny analiz phenomena nauki)
A detailed review is contained of the concepts of 'scientific paradigm' (its origin, introduction and interpretation by T. Kuhn and others), 'category of philosophy', 'categorical structure'; 'socio-cultural analysis of scientific knowledge'; science in a broad sense (traditional science) and conceptual science as a product of the Western civilization, and their distinction; socio-economic and intellectual context of science. An extensive critical analysis of the phenomenon of science globalization and the need for rethinking the science phenomenon in interpretation by a Russian philosopher A. Duguin in his book 'Evolution of paradigm-based principles' is given. A theory of fundamental paradigms that constitute the higher integral spiritual and historical constants determining the other cultural and civilization processes is offered. According to this theory, the contemporary world is represented by the five fundamental paradigms: theocentric, based on the orthodox Christian teaching; anthropocentric, based on catholic and protestant teaching; substantiocentric, based on religious and philosophic teachings of India and Far East; anthropocentric and substantiocentric paradigm of the Muslim world; Talmudist paradigm which is explicitly antichristian. Following it, science belongs to the anthropocentric fundamental paradigm which, through its social phenomena, contributes in creation and changes of scientific paradigms.
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