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2005 | 14 | 4(56) | 289-304
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Formal and Philosophical Aspects of Sartre's Theater

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Sartre wrote eight dramas which make a rich commentary on the human predicament and human characters. Although he used the convention of realistic and naturalistic presentation, he was not tempted to discuss timeless problems and situations. On the contrary, he strived to show an individual that laboriously creates her own existence and seeks authenticity in this endeavor. Consequently the inner sphere of thought and feeling is presented as something unique for every individual by Sartre. He deliberately neglected the principle of the unity of time and place. His dramas often present several existential times that run parallel to one another in order to show similarities and/or differences across time and space. He used symbols that were uncommon in theater - colors, smells, light. To convey his ideas more easily, he often user strong language, or even vulgar speech. His plays are based on good dialogues, but stage conversations are primarily directed to, and intended for, the audience. Sartre does not only entertain, when he speaks from the stage he often preaches or discusses philosophicak issues. He is never tired of repeating his basic message that the human condition is replete with paradoxes. His theater was no less suitable for this task than his philosophy. He seemed eager to use every form of expression to prove that the world was deprived of absolute, traditional values, and our main preoccupation should have been to make good use of our freedom and to establish nurturing relations with others.
Słowa kluczowe
  • A. Wloczewska, Uniwersyteckie Kolegium Ksztalcenia Nauczycieli Jezyka Francuskiego, al. Niepodleglosci 22, 02-653 Warszawa, Poland
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