CREATING VALUE SYSTEMS OF STUDENTS MENTALLY HANDICAPPED IN A SLIGHT DEGREE THROUGH EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE
Creating - through educational influence - value systems of mentally handicapped students is a very important and demanding task. The research undertaken by the authoress was an experimental one. The original educational programme 'Discovering the world of values' was introduced into the experimental procedure as an independent variable. Research covered 120 students from schools for children mentally handicapped in a slight degree. Educational influence substantially changed value systems of students from the experimental group. Intrapersonal values (responsibility, diligence, truthfulness) and universal values (family and love) became the top values in their hierarchies, while interpersonal values turned out to be less important. In the value systems of the examined students there dominated such values as 'family' and 'love'; other values made up coherent but not very durable structure, which indicates that those hierarchies were 'flattened'. It means that there are very small differences in rank between the values occupying consecutive positions in the hierarchy, and in favourable circumstances they can easily lose their position and be replaced by other values.
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