ADELA BOLSKA (1863-1930)
The name of the famous Polish singer, Adela Bolska, the primadonna of the St Petersburg's Mariinsky Theatre as well as the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, who was the favourite of the Romanov imperial family and sang with the greatest male singers of her time, who dazzled audiences in Warsaw, London, Paris, Barcelona and Milan, began to be forgotten almost immediately after her death. The surname 'Bolska' was the stage pseudonym of Adela Skapska, who on her marriage became Countess Dienheim-Szczawinska-Brochocka. Adela Skapska was born in the Podole region in 1863. She studied singing with Giovanni Galvani and Fyodor Komissazhevski at the Moscow Conservatory. Even as a student she attracted the attention of Russian composers, such as Sergei Taneyev and Anton Arensky. Pyotr Tchaikovsky, as director of the Russian Music Society, invited her on many occasions to take part in concerts organised by the society. As early as 1889 she was engaged as a soloist by the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, and in a short time she prepared four soprano parts simultaneously: those of Pamina in Mozart's 'Magic Flute', Gorislava in Glinka's 'Ruslan and Ludmila', Tatyana in Tchaikovsky's 'Eugene Onegin' and Elsa in Wagner's 'Lohengrin'; the last two quickly became the 'golden' roles in her repertoire.
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