THE EC TREATY RULES AND THE ENERGY SECTOR (Primarne europske pravo a energeticky priemysel)
The lack of a comprehensive European energy policy was reflected in the division of the European organisations and in Member States' insistence on their own national policy in the major areas of energy matters. Two of three original European Communities were linked directly to the energy ressources: the European Coal and Steel Community (Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Communauté européenne de l'energie atomique). The basis of the European Coal and Steel Community was the Common Market, which prohibits tariffs, non-tariff barriers, quotas, actions resulting in discrimination against producers, buyers, and sellers, subsidies, and other measures whch affect he market. The Community aimed at regular distribution of energy, control of prices, the improvement of labour standards inter-State co – operation, and generation of energy. To achieve these aims, the Community collected information, defined common goals, supported investments and secured competition. The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) was established to support the rapid development of the non-military nuclear industries in the Member States and to establish good relations in this field with other countries. In order to reach these aims, EURATOM supports research, establishes safety norms and oversees their implementation, facilitates investments, and secures and monitors distribution of fissionable material. The establishment of the Common Market is also relevant. EURATOM shares its institutional framework with other Communities. The Council and the Comission issue regulatios, directives, decisions, recommendations, and opinions. In the European Community, the energy field is regulated by the primary law (the Treaty provisions) and secondary law, ie regulations, directives, decisions, and recommendations.
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