FIFTY YEARS OF THE ITALIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT
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The article contains reflections on real mechanisms of the functioning of the Italian Constitutional Court on its historical and political background and from the perspective of 50 years of its operation. The author examines ideological concepts of the role of the constitutional court at the moment of its creation after World War II, revealing the intricacies of shaping its concepts in the Constitutional Assembly and, then, the secrets of an exceptionally long period of appointment of the first composition of the Court as well as the preparation of its first judgment on the basis of Article 113 of the Act on Public Security. He describes the functions of the Constitutional Court and the extent of their evolution in the period of its functioning and, finally, identifies that what constitutes 'political power' of the Court and presents its prospects in the trans-national dimension in relation to the system of the European Communities and European Union, and to the Council of Europe.
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