Současné etnologické bádání o trampské subkultuře
Current ethnological research on the tramp subculture
Tramping or tramp movement represents a specific, relatively complex, richly structured phenomenon, that belongs to the subcultures of the youth in the territory of our country and partly also in Slovakia, although a time overlap is apparent here. This cultural phenomenon is presenting itself as a form of association of a group of residents and as a specific method of their use of free time. It is an expression of the lifestyle of mainly urban youth from lower and middle classes. Prior to 1989, Czech and Slovak ethnographers and folklorists only paid attention to tramping sporadically, however, since the 1990s researchers of the Brno workplace of the former Institute for Ethnography and Folklore of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (today Institute of Ethnology of the ASCR, v. v. i.) has progressed towards this kind of research particularly within the grant project Culture of Today’s Children and Youth with Special Emphasis on Folklore Manifestations.
The history and the present of the tramp movement were studied in several tramp areas of Moravia (West Moravian Trojříčí, Tišnov Region and Valašské Klobouky and Vsetín Region). The published outputs defined tramping as a cultural phenomenon, discussed its history and present, basic conditions for the development of this phenomenon, various attributes, tramping festivities, tramp pubs, and they addressed issues of the legality of the tramp movement. In the last ten years, tramping has been presented to students of the Institute of European Ethnology at the Faculty of Arts, in Brno, Masaryk University in the form of semester-long cycles of lectures and field research. It resulted in student reports from field research, their own expert essays and graduate-level theses. Currently, tramping continues to develop just like research on the tramping subculture in Brno and other centres while thematically focused exhibitions are organized as well (Ethnographic Department of the National Museum, National Gallery) and entire tramping sections are established in museums (Jílové u Prahy).