Jürgen Habermas a utopie věčného míru
Juergen Habermas and the utopia of perpetual peace
The article is devoted to the legal and political philosophy of J. Habermas. In a number of steps which link up with each other, the author attempts to demonstrate that there is an internal dependence between Habermas' conception of 'domestic' (J. Rawls) and 'global' justice. Habermas' reconstruction of the circular methods of settng up facticity and validity of law can be understood as a basis on which we can construct principles of a just arrangement of legal and political system of a democratic state. Habermas' 'offensive' variant of the third way and his project of a federal EU follow from the crisis of the social state, which is caused by the weakening of the internal and external sovereignty of nation states in the processes of globalization. An integrated Europe should play an active role in the long-term and painful passage from a world system, which is founded above all on international laws based on sovereign nation states, to a world system which is founded on world-civic law and cosmopolitan democracy.
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