J. NIZNANSKY AND J. CIGER-HRONSKY: LIFE AS A LEGEND ACCORDING TO THE 'LADY OF CACHTICE' AND 'ANDREAS BUR MASTER'
The aim of the study is to compare so called 'popular' fiction versus 'fine' literature. Differences are analyzed both from a structural as well as a cognitive point of view. The approach is not primarily theoretical; our contribution belongs to the field of a basic research. As a 'frame' of the analysis was used the genre of a legend, which helps to select some common features of particular works, just to reveal later their differences. The textual analysis manipulates with two modern novels based upon national legends: 'Cachticka pani' (Lady of Cachtice) by J. Niznansky and 'Andreas Bur Majster' (Andreas Bur Master) by J. Ciger-Hronsky. Although dealing with same emotions of fear, anger and violence, results emphasize opposite value levels of formation of 'popular' versus 'artistic' writing. While 'Cachticka pani' is a creation on a terrible woman (individual), who is defeated by a 'right-full' collective of opponents, modernistic 'Andreas Bur Majster' tells about a strong, noble-minded person, who is killed by an unfair collective. The main points of 'Cachticka pani' are: a negative hero, whose aim is never-ceasing physical beauty, that is why she uses force and commits violence to receive blood as a means of youth; an action conflict is social and epic; a collective of rivals is right-full; the story finishes with a happy-end; the genre is a melodramatic thriller. The main points of 'Andreas Bur Majster' are taken from a diametrically contrasting sphere: a positive character, who wants to exist in a pure, never-ending spiritual life, who prefers a renewal by a sacrifice instead of violence; an action conflict is moral and introvert; a collective of antagonists is unfair; the story is tragic and the genre is a balladic sermon. Thanks to the counter-value structure of both mentioned novels we can better understand needs of a common reader as well as the 'lonely' situation of a modern 'high' literature of the last century, which is said not to have so many readers.
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