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2008 | 32 | 4 | 201-220
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LUKISKES SQUARE - EVOLUTION OF A SOCIAL ORDER. A MONUMENT TO FIGHTERS FOR FREEDOM OR A SYMBOL 'FREEDOM'? (Lukiskiu Aikste - Socialinio Uzsakymo Evoliucija. Paminklas Laisves Kovu Dalyviams AR Simbolis 'Laisve'?)

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This paper is about public spirit, national monuments and a sign system in Lukiskes Square in Vilnius. Such a system is a part of national Policy, therefore, 'one should keep distinct the pure artistical and national identity ideas'. Nowadays a sense of national pride is very important and at the same time a real problem in Lithuania. A nation always has an essential place, a system of symbols or an extraordinary monument. Lithuania is only getting ready to 'consider the issue of monuments and signs in all its aspects'. That is why, according to the rules of Lukiskes Square architectural competition, it is demanded to solve this problem. A representative function is required. 'The memory of an unknown partisan and fighter for Lithuania's freedom will be memorialized' - a slogan incused on a stone panel proclaims in Lukiskes Square. But there are still no results. The conception of 'public space' is unidentified, so an urban space and ordinary functional aspects are always muddled up. West European public space practice indicates that Renaissance squares are the most popular, multifunctional public spaces. The space system and nominal space hierarchy are very complicated and indefinite, therefore, the final result is under different interpretations. Memorialization of dedication to fighters for Lithuania's freedom is of great importance, but practical square formation aspects, such as parking, fountain construction, etc., are also important. The Lithuanian Parliament adopted a resolution on Lukiskes Square functions (11 Feb. 1999), but pursuancee belongs to the Municipality. That is a mistake and a real problem because the Municipality's activities are not transparent. Such problems must be solved by a 'Steering Committee which must be formed'. Otherwise a qualitative result is impossible. In 2008 Lukiskes Square architectural competition was proclaimed. The format of the main task is double - urban and artistical aspects are declared. The result of this competition is an abstract artistical accent, but not a real representative memorial. The purpose of this work is to reveal the formation process of Lukiskes Square as the main square of Lithuania. The basic principles of the Square formation and those of erecting a monument to the Lithuanian freedom fighters are presented
  • Algis Vysniunas, Urbanistikos katedra, Vilniaus Gedimino technikos universitetas, Pylimo g. 26/Traku g. 1, LT-01132 Vilnius, Lithuania
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