ORNAMENTS AND DRESS ELEMENTS FROM BURIALS AT THE EARLY MEDIEVAL CEMETERY IN MIKOROWO, SITE 8, CZARNA DABRÓWKA COMMUNE, POMERANIA VOIVODESHIP (Ozdoby i czesci stroju z pochówków na cmentarzysku w Mikorowie. stan. 8. gm. Czarna Dabrówka..)
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Cemetery at Mikorowo is located on promontory in the Pogorzelica valley, the Leba influx and is placed on peak and slope of sandy eminence sloping to the western bank of the Mikorowo Lake. Altogether more than 500 inhumation burials were excavated. The cemetery is of a considerably regular layout with burials placed in rows perpendicular to the lake bank. It was used over a long period of time as indicated by destruction of older burials by the new ones as well as their multilayered character. The authoress argues that this was a churchyard cemetery probably with a wooden church located on top of today's levelled peak of the eminence. This is indicated by a set of carpenters' nails attached to fragments of wood. The deceased were placed in rectangular pits in extended position with heads facing west and arms crossed on the chest and sometimes parallel to the body. Ornaments and dress elements were discovered in 18 burials in addition to one piece found in cultural layer. These comprise belt buckles (eight items), fingerrings (six items), elements of three head-dresses (applique on fabric), three S-shaped temple-rings (one complete and two fragments), fibula, necklace bead and fltting. Anatysis of these objects enabled the authoress to formulate a couple of conclusions. In particular, it is worth mentioning that a number of burials with grave goods is very Iow and comprises only 3.6% of a total number of burials, Additionally, each analysed burial was fumished with only one object except for three małe burials with two belt buckles. Furthermore, grave goods remained in relation to sex of the deceased: older males were buried in wardrobe fastened by belts with iron buckles, wardrobe of old females was decorated by single items such as fingerring, fibula, necklace and applique on head-dress while girls' dress were characterized by richly decorated head-band. Results of analysis imply that the cemetery at Mikorowo was founded in the early 13th century as indicated by S-shaped temple-rings of IIIc type, variant A, single wire fingerrings and a bead. It was then used throughout the 13th century as indicated by chronology of belt buckles and fingerring with a shield. Finał stage of the cemetery use is to be dated back to the beginning of the 14th century as indicated by chronology of applique on head-dresses, the Ave Maria fibula and in particular band fingerrings. Poor burial fumishings at the Mikorowo cemetery is a result of two causes. Firstly, it was used by a local self-sufficient community, which had a very restricted access to objects of limited usage in everyday life. Secondly, the Christianity regulations led to steady decrease in a number of grave goods until their complete disappearance, in particular at churchyard cemeteries. However, one cannot rule out that such as a smali number of ornaments and dress elements at the Mikorowo cemetery may have been caused by destruction of its central part, which was used in its early phase. Hence, one may expect that the cemetery was actually founded earlier than indicated by results of analysis of the excavated materials. However, the cemetery provides an insight into burial rites of local farming population from the Middle Pomerania in later phases of the Middle Ages.
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