THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF TEXT COMPREHENSION DEVELOPMENT
In the first part of the paper, the author discusses the changes that the notion of 'reading' has undergone in the past few decades, with special regard to the way 'literacy' is understood in the PISA surveys; then, she gives an overview of the most important components and factors of reading skills on the basis of the models of Laszlo Toth, Jozsef Nagy, and Ferenc Lenard. She also reviews - referring to studies published in other countries, mainly in the United States - the most important prerequisites of the development of text comprehension, touching upon characteristics of the Hungarian situation with respect to some factors. She writes more in detail about reading comprehension strategies and possible ways of teaching them, given that this is a fairly little known area in this country, even though in the States it has been a research topic for the past thirty years or more. The final part of the paper - making no claim for completeness - includes text comprehension exercises and techniques whose regular use may advance a successful development of children's comprehension skills, their turning into reasoning and strategic readers, active and reflective learners.
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