Metafyzický závazek fenomenologie
The metaphysical commitment of phenomenology
The paper attempts to provide an interpretation of Husserl’s phenomenology which can clarify the character of its basic metaphysical commitment. It deals, above all, with the problem of the ontological status of phenomenology, and with the question of whether we should understand phenomenology as being compatible with common realism or as leading inevitably to some kind of idealism. In the discussion here it becomes evident that Husserl’s phenomenology is not compatible either with realism or idealism and that phenomenology is a specific philosophical position of its own. Based on a radical and peculiar conception of appearance, Husserl’s phenomenology actually leads to a kind of ontological pluralism, which holds that self-evident experience of that which is given is the only ground for any possible genuine theory whatsoever.