THE NEOLITHIC ANTHROPOMORPHIC FIGURINE FROM ZAKRZOWIEC, SITE 6, NIEPOLOMICE COMMUNE, MALOPOLSKIE VOIVODESHIP
During the excavation carried out on site 6 in Zakrzowiec in 2004 on the route of the intended Motorway A4, a fragmentarily preserved anthropomorphic figurine was found in a vast clay pit. The figurine was found in the base part of the upper fill layer of feature 416, on the depth of 90-100 cm. The artifacts depicts surrealistically a female with the thin, well pronounced waist and the well-modelled breasts. The body survived, but the arms are missing (they were probably spread out in the orantes gesture). An oblong, fine depression on the back of the figurine probably indicates the spinal column. The buttocks are slightly asymmetric, while the legs are preserved only in their upper parts. The figurine was made of clay with a fine-grained mineral temper, brown (partially black-brown) in colour. Its dimensions are: the preserved height 44 mm, width at arms 32 mm, width at hips 24 mm, thickness 15 mm. The pottery material from the vicinity of the figurine is numerous but very poorly preserved. There are fragments of hollow-pedestalled beakers and of pottery ornamented with knobs beneath the rim and on the belly. There are also parts of short neck vessels and wide-opening vessels with notched rim bending outwards (the so called sand pottery) related to the salt extracting process. In considerations on cultural and chronological affiliation of the figurine one should take into account the place where the artifact was found, its context, and analogies from other sites. The pottery material from the vicinity of the figurine is typical for the Pleszów group of the Lengyel culture and suggests a probable cultural-chronological affiliation of the figurine. Females' Neolithic figurines are interpreted as symbols of procreation and vital power of the reviving nature.
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