'AGAINST SHAMELESS IN TEXT AND ILLUSTRATION'. KRAKOW CENSORSHIP AGAINST DEMORALIZATION (1918-1939) ('Przeciw bezwstydowi w druku i obrazku'. Krakowska cenzura w walce z demoralizacja (1918-1939))
The following article examines the issues of legal and social regulation of pornography from the standpoint of the Cracovian press control body between 1918 and 1939. The emphasis is put primarily on the legislative restrictions in the visual and literary presentation of nudeness, as well as sexuality in the text, drawing or reproduction. The author refrains from judging past legislative and juridical solutions in this field. The article focuses on presenting and classifying the research materials, based on their form, content and the communication. The major aim of the article is thus a historic reconstruction of the Cracovian censorship actions. This concerns the regulation of the publishing houses' market which were accused of pornography. Moreover, the author defines the size of this market and indicates the reasons, why the publishing houses were subjected to restrictions. The activity forms of Cracow municipals and Cracovian censorship are also categorised in the article. Apart from the legal forms of restrictions such as: inspections, routine controls, confiscations and seizures of erotic publications, some other non-formal limitation trials could have been registered. These were initiated by the Catholic Church, various unions, associations as well as citizens themselves.
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